Mastiha Chios - The plant-based Medicine

Chios Mastic
Mastiha is a kind of schinos, namely Mastihophoros Schinos, cultivated extensively in Chios, south of the main island, initially in 24 Mastic villages and later in more, from which mastic is obtained, a resinous fine resin, which is exclusively a Greek product and has been identified since 1997 as a Protected Designation of Origin product (PDO). Natural mastic, the teardrop of Mastic Tree, is a unique agricultural product, distinct for its place and mode of production as well as its properties and multiple applications.

Many attempts have been made to produce mastic from this plant in other parts of the world, but without result. Scientists have not yet found the reason why mastic does not bear fruit in any other part of the planet. However, the most likely reason is the special climate of the island of Chios.


Ingredients of Mastic
The chemical composition of resin and mastic oil has been analyzed and some components have been isolated and certified. However, the exact composition of Chios mastic
is not yet known. A general estimate shows that mastic and mastic oil contain at least 70 substances that exhibit numerous medicinal properties.

The mastic contains alpha-mastihoretin, β-mastihoretin, essential oil, tannins, mastichin and masticic acid, unique terpenes such as α-pinene, β-mycene, β-
limonene and polyphenols.

History and tradition

Mastic has been used for more than 2,500 years as a traditional Greek medicine for treating several conditions, such as gastralgia and peptic ulcers.

The first references to mastic are made by Herodotus (5th century BC), who reports that the Greeks used to chew the dried resinous liquid flowing
from the bark of the mastic tree. Chios mastic was the first natural gum of the ancient world.

In ancient Greece, Hippocrates, Galenus, Dioskouridis and Theophrastos often point to its beneficial properties.

The ancient Egyptians used it for the taxing of the dead. The Romans made of gum mastic, toothpicks to clean and whiten their teeth, and to flavor their breathing.

In the tradition of Chios, the skies began to tear when Saint Isidore was martyred by the Romans around 250 AD. The Romans chased Saint Isidorus because he was a Christian. Saint to escape, he fled to Mesta. At that moment, a white man appeared to reach the southern villages of Chios because he could not stand anymore after he had been seriously injured. Then he fell under a dust. The dust was sorry for his torture and he was tearing. His tears were fragrant, and then the tear of Saint Isidore was created, which until now we call mastic.

 

Mastic: Therapeutic actions and uses

Mastic is considered an excellent remedy for stomach problems
-can be used as an expectorant and antitussive
-to treat diarrhea
-evaluated as effective for the healing of ulcers, the treatment of mumps (monkeys)
and other skin conditions
- Helps maintain white tooth and clean breath
-can fight many pathogenic bacteria such as Escherichia coli,
Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus, Porphyromonas gingivalis, as well as fungi such as
various strains of Candida
- has excellent antibacterial and antioxidant properties
- preventative and perhaps therapeutic against caries
Its antimicrobial action helps to neutralize the microorganisms it causes
dental plaque formation and oral mood
- has activity against Helicobacter pylori
- protects the heart and vessels, reduces overall levels
 cholesterol, LDL (bad) cholesterol, lipoprotein α, while protecting
universally LDL cholesterol from oxidation (responsible for atherosclerosis
plaque in the vessels). Even the saliva that comes from chewing mastic Chios
proved to be able to contribute in vitro to inhibiting the oxidation of "bad"
cholesterol
- may have anti-cancer properties against various forms of malignant neoplasms,
 such as prostate cancer, colon, lung, and mouth
pancreas
- Helps skin rejuvenation

Chios mastic was officially recognized as a natural medicine

At the meeting of the European Medicines Agency's (EMA) Committee on Herbal Medicinal Products (HPMC) held in London, the pharmaceutical "monograph" of Mastiha Chios was adopted unanimously and accepted in the category of traditional herbal medicinal products, with two therapeutic indications:

1. dyspeptic problems
2. Skin inflammation and skin healing